DARC Horse Riding Syllabus

DACR Horse Riding Syllabus

DARC Horse Riding Syllabus is a systematic approach designed for anyone to learn horse riding. It is an unique way of training new riders to excel in horse riding effectively. DARC Horse Riding Syllabus is divided into Yellow, Green, Blue, Orange and Red. Find out more about the syllabus here.

Level: Yellow

Yellow - DARC Horse Riding Syllabus

When you sign up for the first time, DARC will enroll you as a Yellow Rider from day one. In the beginning, you will have to go through the Beginner Introductory Session. Upon successfully completing the session, you will start your 1st riding lesson.

You will learn how to get on a horse. In the equestrian world, we refer it as to mount on a horse. Your instructor will show you how to hold the rein correctly. Also, you will learn where the correct location is to put your feet on the stirrups.

Don’t be afraid to start riding a horse at this stage. Your instructor will put you and the horse in a round pen, which is an enclosed and limited small area. The purpose is for you to get comfortable with the horse. Your instructor will also attach a lunging rope to the horse. The instructor will control the horse movement within safe speed for beginner.

In the beginning, you will learn how to find the balance while sitting on the horse. You will learn how to use your legs, waist and core strength to balance yourselves. Your instructor will guide you to put your hands on your hips or at your sides. This will help you to discover you do not need your hands to hold on to something for balancing.

To get a real sense of riding a horse, you will then learn how to ride the trot. The trot is a two beat diagonal gait where the horse’s legs work in paired diagonals. Trot is slightly faster than walking. Your instructor will guide you on when to come up and to sit down as the horse moves. Establishing your legs strength is important in this level to communicate with the horse.

Level Yellow Assessment

Each training session is around 30 minutes. It takes about ~10 sessions for you to complete Level Yellow. There is no formal assessment at this level. As your instructor sees you ride stable enough, you will be promoted to Level Green. You will then be ready to move on to the main arena.

Level: Green

Green - DARC

Level Green is the beginning for your independent riding without the lunging rope. This is where the fun begins, yeeha~ You will start to ride in the 40m x 20m (small) arena or the 60m x 20m (large) arena.

As you have learned rising trot earlier, you need to practice and sharpen rising trot in the bigger arena. Your instructor will not be staying close to you like in the round pen earlier while you do rising trot. You will be independently steering the horse in rising trot on your own in the arena.

While rising trot takes slightly more skill than walking, the next challenge for you is sitting trot. The horse’s leg still move in paired diagonals, but you will not be rising up. You will be sitting on the saddle as you move together with the horse. This motion looks relaxing from the outside. However, you will need to engage your abdominal, back and leg muscles to follow the motion. This is slightly more challenging for beginners at the start. Do not feel discouraged if you do not get it right in the first few times. Your instructor will allocate plenty of time for you to practice sitting trot.

Level Green Assessment

  • In Level Green, you will learn:
    • Basic figures such as 20 meter circle
    • Turn across arena
    • Changing direction
    • Long & short diagonal
    • Changing rising diagonal
    • etc

Each training session is around 30 minutes. It takes about ~25 sessions for you to complete Level Green. Upon completion of the necessary sessions, you will book an assessment. The Chief Instructor will assess your riding skills while your instructor issues you command. You will be awarded a certificate of accomplishment for Level Green upon the Chief Instructor passed your assessment.

Level: Blue

Blue - DARC

Level Blue is where your riding skills start to get serious. While the horses in Level Yellow and Green are usually easy horses, you will be given slightly more challenging horses in Level Blue. Here, you must be able to perform riding techniques you learned in Level Green in close to perfection manner. Including the challenging sitting trot.

You will start to work with horses without the stirrups. We refer this training as cross stirrups, as the stirrups are crossed over the saddle. In other words, there is nothing for your legs to hang on to while riding. Although it might sound scary, it is actually an extremely effective exercise to improve your sitting trot. You will gain the confidence you do not need the stirrups to be able to ride steadily.

More complex figures (for example, three loop serpentine) will be introduced to you at this level. You will need to make use of what you learned previously such as changing diagonal to perform this figure. You will start to feel you have good maneuver on horse’s direction upon mastering such figures.

In mid Blue (approximately 20th-25th session), you will be introduced to canter. Canter is a controlled three-beat gait that is slightly faster than trot. The speed is around 15–25 km/h depending on which horse you are riding. This is the most common gait to ride when you need speed safely yet not exhausting the horse. You will learn how to canter in a round pen or the 20m x 40m arena for a start. Later, to the 20m x 60m arena.

Level Blue Assessment

  • The assessment for Level Blue will include
    • Sitting trot in perfection
    • Mastering all riding techniques in Level Green
    • Cantering on basic figures such as 20 meter circle
    • Catering on the correct lead
    • etc

Each training session is around 30 minutes. It takes about ~40 sessions before you should go for your assessment. Upon completion of the necessary sessions, you will book an assessment. The Chief Instructor will assess your riding skills while your instructor issues you command. You will be awarded a certificate of accomplishment for Level Blue upon the Chief Instructor passed your assessment.

Level: Orange

Orange - DARC

Level Orange is for the determined riders who want to strike for excellence in their horse riding journey. You will learn and practice with more advanced riding techniques here. Also, you will have the opportunity to test out your riding skills with different horses including the challenging ones!

You will spend a lot of time to focus on practicing the canter with your instructor. Cantering is one of the more enjoyable gaits while riding horses for many riders. You will practice sitting your canter in full seat, half seat (or light seat) and in two points. While the horse still canter the same, you have to adjust your body into different styles for riding in the canter. Each style has its purpose and you will discover them in Level Orange.

  • Your instructor will start to introduce basic dressage to you such as:
    • Flexion
    • Bending
    • Upward & downward transition
    • etc

The next interesting part for your riding is to work with poles. You will be doing trotting poles and cantering poles. This will prepare you for your first jump! Then, you will start jumping with horses at 20cm – 30cm in the beginning and move higher gradually. Jumping is an entirely different discipline from dressage. Some riders choose to specialize in jumping as they progress further in their equestrian journey.

At Level Orange, you learn both basic dressage and basic jumping. You will get a taste of both disciplines. You can choose either one or both to specialize in. This will depend on how much time, effort and energy you can dedicate to the sport.

Level Orange Assessment

Before going for assessment, you need to practice everything you have learned in Level Green and Blue. You need to master all previous riding techniques on different (sometimes challenging) horses assigned to you.

Riding at this level is relatively more advanced and technical. Some riders tend to fall behind if they do not practice consistently. If the rider leave the riding practices behind for too long, the rider risks being demoted to Level Blue. This will happen when the instructor notices the rider is struggling. Of course, the rider will be promoted to Level Orange again once the rider sharpen the riding skills.

Each training session is around 30 minutes. It takes about ~50 sessions before you should go for your assessment. The Chief Instructor will assess your riding skills while the another instructor issues the command to you. You will be awarded a certificate of accomplishment for Level Orange upon the Chief Instructor passed your assessment.

Level: Red

Red - DARC Horse Riding Syllabus

Level Red is where your horse riding skills become a pride. You will represent DARC for external competitions in jumping and dressage. In fact, you should be aiming to win games and bring back medals. Level Red is the Black belt equivalent in martial arts!

  • You will learn more advanced dressage techniques such as
    • Leg yielding
    • Turn on hunches
    • Shoulder in
    • Travers
    • etc

As a Level Red rider, you will be jumping higher at 60cm, 80cm, 1 meter and beyond.

A Level Red rider is considered a competition level rider. Sometimes, you will train by yourselves for continuous improvement on your riding skills. At this level, you have the ability to recognized what is correct and wrong while riding on your own. You need to be able to rectify your mistakes and reinforce the correct riding techniques independently.

Apart from riding, you will also need to demonstrate your excellent horsemanship. You will learn to understand horses beyond riding. You will work with horses at different levels including training young horses. Activities such as tacking up by yourselves, grooming, showering become part of your riding routine.

Red Level is a prestige level in DARC. Very few riders accomplished this level. Although there are a few hundred riders in the club, there are only 5 Red Level riders at the point of writing this.

DARC Horse Riding Syllabus

DARC Horse Riding Syllabus is designed to keep the passionate horse riders progress on track in a systematic approach. According the Mr. Sulaiman, Manager in DARC, this syllabus is a practical approach to ensure riders’ progress does not get lost when there is a change of instructor. If a rider has achieved certain competency, it is recognized and respected across in the riding club.

Mr. Joshua Teo, Chief Trainer in DARC is personally conducting DARC Horse Riding Syllabus in the riding club. Be assured that you are in good hands when you train under the experienced trainers in DARC.

More Information

For more information, please contact Mr. Sulaiman at +60 10-240 2606. Visit DARC website or visit the riding club at following location:

DARC Beginner Introductory Session

DARC Beginner Introductory Session is the basic lessons for new riders in Denai Alam Recreational and Riding Club. I had the opportunity to sit into the session conducted by Ara and Trisya from DARC Y.E.S. (Young Equestrian Stars) Club.

The Beginner Introductory Session started off by Ara sharing basic information on how many movement horses have: walk, trot, canter and gallop.

She moved on to explain the basic equipment involved in riding such as saddle, snaffle (or commonly known as bit accordingly Ara), girth, bridle, stirrup, saddle cloth and saddle pad.

Then, Trisya took over the stage to explain the different colors for horses and the marking we can find on horses.

This briefing took about 30 minutes and then we moved on to the stables.

We gathered at Zone A in front of the stable.

Trisya gave us a quick briefing before entering the stables. She has prepared some cut carrots for us to feed the horses. Carrot is the favorite snack for our four leg friends! Trisya showed us the correct way to put the carrot on our palm to feed a horse.

Once we entered the stable, Trisya distributed the cut carrot for us to feed the horses. The kids got excited and they were totally loving it!

While we were in the stable, Ara and Trisya gave us more explanation on different horses. The kids were paying full attention to the briefing. One of the kids was asking Trisya how can we tell if a horse is a male or female.

We spent approximately another 30 minutes in the stables and we moved on to the washing bay for horse care briefing.

Trisya explained the importance of hoof care. The horse in front of us is called Bulan.

Trisya showed us how to clean the hoof.

Trisya explained the different type of brushes.

Once the grooming is completed, Ara showed us how to tact a horse.

After fitting the saddle, Ara explained how to put on a bridle.

The horse care and tacking session also took about another 30 min.

We move on to the grazing area. Ara and Trisya gave us a certificate of achievement for attending the introductory session.

You will be getting a certificate as following for completing the Core Skills Horse Care and Management.

It has been an informative and fun session conducted by the Y.E.S. Club. Ara and Trisya are both very knowledgeable in answering our questions and skillful in handling the horses.

If you are interested to join a session, please contact Mr. Sulaiman at +60 10-240 2606. They will conduct such session every Saturday at 2.30PM – 4.00PM.

You can visit DARC website or visit the riding club here:

3S Equestrian Centre Cyberjaya Horse Riding

3S Equestrian Centre is strategically located right next to Taman Tasik Cyberjaya. It is a favorite leisure riding place for many kids and adults who like to try riding a horse for the first time.

3S Equestrian Centre

There is a paddock for general riding purpose. You can take riding lessons or a joyride in the paddock.

3S Equestrian Centre paddock

The center houses about 6 stables. 4 stables facing the front and another 2 facing the back.

3S Equestrian Centre stables
3S Equestrian Centre stables back

The stables are fully occupied with a good mixture of different horses, pony and even a baby horse!

This baby horse is only about 6 month old and he is still staying with his mother.

Khalifa – a horse previously used for jumping and currently staying in the stable. He is a tall horse and is very suitable for taller adult riders.

Queen – a very calm mare, currently own by a private owner. Queen is perfect for a relaxing leisure outride. She is busy munching her breakfast!


There is also a pony who can be really loud when he neighs.

Cyberjaya Pony

There is a small hang out area right next to the paddock. Riders can sit there to hang out while seeing other riders ride.

Hang out area

Sometimes I go there for an easy practice ride in the paddock with my favorite horse, Albait. But usually, I will go for a trail ride.

On the way out to the trail.

Horse riding at street - 3S Equestrian Centre

3S Equestrian Centre trail route in the morning.

Cyberjaya Trail Ride - 3S Equestrian Centre

Chilling at the tree area for horses to rest.

Daniel on Albait

We passed by a lake on our way out.

We exited the trail.

Cyberjaya street - 3S Equestrian Centre

Passing by another small lake along Cyberjaya road.

The trail ride is approximately 11KM and will take about 1.5 hour depending on how fast you ride.

More Information at 3S Equestrian Centre

Here is the location to 3S Equestrian Centre. To find out more, please contact Along at +60 11-6456 3259 or Tuan Syed at +60 12-727 9002.